MICRONEEDLING

Microneedling is a procedure that use multiple minute needles to puncture the skin and create micro-injuries. The goal of the therapy is to stimulate new collagen and elastin production to make the skin smoother, firmer, more toned, and younger looking.

What is microneedling?

Microneedling is a minimally invasive procedure that’s used to treat various skin problems by stimulating collagen production. Also known as collagen induction therapy, percutaneous collagen induction, needle dermabrasion, or dermal remodelling, this treatment may help those looking to reduce the appearance of acne scars and stretch marks.

It involves the use of hand held instrument with tiny needles which create multiple micro-injuries in the skin, breakdown old collagen strands and induce new collagen synthesis.

How does it work?

The hand held instrument with tiny needles creates multiple superficial puncture wounds in the skin.

These tiny micro-injuries in the upper dermis trigger wound healing cascade which involves influx of numerous growth factors like platelet derived growth factor (PDGF) and transforming growth factor beta (TGF beta) into the area. This in turn increases the invasion of fibroblasts which are the primary cells producing collagen and elastin.

Over a period, the newly laid collagen and elastin remodels and matures, making the skin smoother, firmer and more toned.

What are the benefits of microneedling treatment?

Microneedling is an excellent modality to stimulate new collagen synthesis with minimal risks and side effects.

It can improve a wide variety of conditions including:

  1. Acne scars (box and rolling types)
  2. Linear atrophic scars
  3. Traumatic or surgical scars
  4. Striae (Stretch marks)
  5. Reduction of fine lines and open pores
  6. Skin rejuvenation of face, neck, upper lip, decollete, arms, legs, abdomen and buttocks
Who is an ideal candidate for microneedling treatment?

Microneedling can be safely performed in any individual of any skin colour.

If you have any scars, be it acne scars, chicken pox scars, surgical scars or traumatic scars, or if you want to improve fine lines, open pores, or if you are simply looking for a skin rejuvenation procedure beyond superficial effects, micro needling is definitely a great option for you!

How is the procedure performed?

Microneedling is a minimally invasive office-based procedure.

It can be performed using different types of instruments like

Dermaroller - device made of plastic with a handle that holds a drum shaped cylinder with needles at the end

Derma stamp - miniaturised version of dermaroller like a stamp

Derma pen - pen like motorised instrument in which cartridges of needles need to be attached. The needle length is adjustable

The steps of the treatment are -

  1. The skin is cleansed and prepared.
  2. Multiple small pricks are made with the micro needling instrument evenly across the skin. The pin pricks are so small that you likely won’t notice them after the procedure.
  3. After covering the desired area, the skin is cleaned, serum or soothing cream and sunscreen is applied.
How long does the procedure takes?

A microneedling session takes around 45-60 minutes.

Is it painful?

The procedure is associated with some discomfort, so to make you comfortable, a topical anaesthesia cream is applied for 30 minutes before the procedure.

What can I expect during my recovery period?

There might be some skin irritation and redness during the first few days post-procedure. This is a natural response to the small “injuries” made by the needles in your skin.
You can go back to work after the procedure if you’re comfortable. Your skin will also be more sensitive to the sun, so sunscreen is a must. The skin usually heals completely within 3-5 days.

What results should I expect after the procedure?

After microneedling, the skin starts to work quickly to rejuvenate the tissue and you should be able to notice the results within few weeks. The first changes you can notice are improvement in skin texture and skin tone. The skin feels smoother and firmer. Gradually you will be able to appreciate improvement in scars, fine lines, open pores as well.

How many sessions are required for best results?

Depending on the skin condition, you may require 4-6 sessions for great result.
Microneedling can also be combined with other treatment modalities such as chemical peels, fractional lasers, muscle relaxant injections and dermal fillers to enhance the cosmetic outcome in case of acne scars as well as skin rejuvenation.

How frequently are the sessions done?

The ideal gap between microneedling sessions is 4-6 months.

What are the risks involved?

Microneedling is an absolutely safe treatment without any adverse effects. The minor skin irritation and redness that occurs is temporary and usually subsides in a couple of days. However, proper post-procedure skin care as advised by the doctor is essential.

Are home rollers equally effective?

Microneedling is a professional procedure that’s performed in a doctor’s office only. Unlike professional microneedling, home rollers don’t puncture the skin hardly at all.
While this might seem a less painful option, the problem is that you won’t achieve the same results. The micro-injuries created during professional microneedling are aimed to induce tissue remodelling and skin rejuvenation. With a home roller device, you may maximum achieve a more brighter skin. But if you are looking for more dramatic and long-term results, microneedling at doctor’s office is anytime better than microneedling at home.

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