Dr. Shruti Gupta: Best Acne Specialist in Delhi, As you all know acne is a very common skin condition occurring due to blocking of the hair follicles with oil and dead skin cells. This results in the formation of whiteheads, blackheads, red pimples, pustular pimples and sometimes cysts and nodules. It usually affects the body parts rich oil glands like the face, forehead, chest, upper back and shoulders.
It is most common among teenagers and young adults, though it affects people of all ages.
Besides causing aesthetic disfigurement, it can be a major reason for psychological distress too. Depending on its severity, it can cause anxiety, reduced self-esteem, and, in extreme cases, depression, or thoughts of suicide.
The earlier the treatment is started, the lower are the chances of complications.
Acne is a chronic inflammatory skin disease affecting the Pilosebaceous units.
Four main factors are:
It typically appears on the area which have maximum number of oil (sebaceous) glands like your face, forehead, chest, upper back and shoulders.
Hair follicles are connected to oil glands. The follicle wall bulges forming a whiteheads. If the opening of the hair follicle is big enough, the plugged sebum gets oxidised and turns black in colour, causing a blackheads.
Pimples are raised red spots with a white centre that develop when blocked hair follicles become inflamed or infected with bacteria. Blockages and inflammation that develop deep inside hair follicles produce larger cyst-like lumps beneath the surface of your skin.
Yes! Some of the conditions which can lead to breakouts are:
Family history - A positive family history increases your chances of developing pimples.
Age - Teenagers
Friction or pressure on your skin - Due to telephones, cellphones, helmets, tight collars and backpacks, may also precipitate it.
Stress - Stress acts as a precipitating factor
The different types are :
Blackheads and Whiteheads
Small red, painful bumps
Pus filled pimples
Painful nodular pimples in the deeper part of the skin
Pus-filled, painful cystic pimples in the deeper part of the skin
As it arises from the oil glands, the areas which are rich in oil glands have a tendency to develop pimples. The areas include, your face, forehead, chest, upper back and shoulders.
TThe occurrence, recurrence and severity can be influenced by your hormones, what food you eat, your stress level as well as certain medications.
These factors can trigger or aggravate acne:
Getting your acne treated is very important, not only because it is causing social embarrassment and cosmetic disfigurement, also because they have a risk of scarring the skin. And once the skin is scarred, it can not be healed completely.
If you are suffering from acne issues, it is highly recommended that for treating acne you consult a qualified dermatologist for its management as soon as possible. There are wide variety of treatment options available which is decided after the consultation. Your dermatologist will assess the type and severity following which they will recommend the prescription medication accordingly.
A combination of different treatment acne medications always gives you the best results.
The various treatment options include -
If you are not taking treatment, then be ready to face its long term complications as well!
Side effects due to acne is very common when a person ignores it as a normal physiological phenomenon thinking it will subside on its own with age and the skin will become perfect again. No mater how mild acne it is, you will always develop its complications if you are not treating it early and actively.
The two most dreaded after effects include -
Acne scars are irregularities in the skin surface that are seen as holes or depressions. They can be of various types ranging from mild superficial rolling scars to deep box scars and ice pick scars.
Some people may also develop raised scars which are either hypertrophic scars or keloids.
Acne scars can be improved by a combination of different therapeutic modalities like chemical peels, microdermabrasion, ablative and non-ablative laser skin resurfacing, dermal fillers, and surgical scar revision.
People suffering from acne benefit from using face washes which decreases sebum production. The face should be washed at least twice a day, and if the skin is super oily, one may use the face wash up to four times a day.
Although acne occur more commonly in oily skin, still moisturiser should be used regularly to maintain healthy skin barrier. There are many scientific studies showing benefit of a moisturiser in acne treatment.
An ideal moisturiser should be non-comedogenic. It should not be greasy and occlusive. It should be gel based and easily absorbable.
People with acne and especially those who are on some form of treatment, do tend to have photo sensitivity, hence, using a sunscreen is very important.
Physical sunscreens with a minimum SPF of 30 are best suited, as they are broad spectrum and also do not react with the skin.
The association between diet and acne is well established. Dairy products, carbohydrate rich foods have been shown to aggravate the condition. So you should restrict or preferably avoid the intake of such food products.
You may follow the below mentioned precautions -
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