Acne is one of the most common condition of young patients come with to
Acne is a skin condition Occurring due to blocking of the hair follicles with oil and dead skin cells. This results in the formation of whiteheads, blackheads, red pimples, pustular pimples and sometimes cysts and nodules. It usually affects the body parts rich oil glands like the face, forehead, chest, upper back and shoulders.
Acne is most common among teenagers and young adults, though it affects people of all ages.
Besides causing aesthetic disfigurement, acne can be a major reason for psychological distress too. Depending on its severity, it can cause anxiety, reduced self-esteem, and, in extreme cases, depression, or thoughts of suicide.
The earlier the treatment is started, the lower are the chances of complications.
Acne is a chronic inflammatory disease affecting the pilosebaceous units.
Four main factors causing acne are:
Acne typically appears on the areas which have maximum number of oil (sebaceous) glands like your face, forehead, chest, upper back and shoulders.
Hair follicles are connected to oil glands.
The follicle wall bulges forming a whitehead. If the opening of the hair follicle is big enough, the plugged sebum gets oxidised and turns black in colour, causing a blackhead.
Pimples are raised red spots with a white centre that develop when blocked hair follicles become inflamed or infected with bacteria. Blockages and inflammation that develop deep inside hair follicles produce larger cyst-like lumps beneath the surface of your skin.
Yes, definitely! Some of the conditions that can increase the chances of you getting acne are:
Family history - A definite role of genes has been shown in various research studies. So if your parents had acne, your chances to develop it too increase.
Age - acne is most common in teenagers.
Friction or pressure on your skin - due to telephones, cellphones, helmets, tight collars and backpacks, may also precipitate acne.
Stress - Stress make acne worse
Whiteheads (closed plugged pores)
Blackheads (open plugged pores)
Small red, painful bumps (papules)
Pimples (pustules), which are bumps with pus at their tips
Large, painful lumps in the deeper part of the skin (nodules)
Pus-filled, painful lumps in the deeper part of the skin (cystic lesions)
Acne arise from the oil glands, so the areas rich in oil glands have a tendency to develop acne lesions. These include, your face, forehead, chest, upper back and shoulders.
The occurrence, recurrence and severity of acne can be influenced by your
hormones, what food you eat, your stress level as well as certain
These factors can trigger or aggravate acne:
Getting your acne treated is very important, not only because it is causing
social embarrassment and cosmetic disfigurement, also because acne have a
risk of scarring the skin. And once the skin is scarred, it can not be healed
If you are suffering from acne issues, it is highly recommended that you consult a qualified dermatologist for its management as soon as possible. There are wide variety of treatment options available to treat acne. Your dermatologist will assess the severity of acne, and recommend the treatment accordingly.
A combination of different treatment modalities always gives you the best results.
The various treatment options include -
If you are not taking treatment for your acne, then be ready to develop its complications as well!
Yes, complications due to acne most commonly occur when a person ignores acne as a normal physiological phenomenon thinking it will subside on its own with age and the skin will become perfect again. It does not happen that way. No mater how mild acne you have, you will develop its complications if you are not treating it early and actively.
The two most dreaded after effects of acne include -
Acne scars are irregularities in the skin surface that are seen as holes or
depressions. They can be of various types ranging from mild superficial
rolling scars to deep box scars and ice pick scars.
Some people may also develop raised scars which are either hypertrophic scars or keloids.
Acne scars can be improved by a combination of different therapeutic modalities like chemical peels, microdermabrasion, ablative and non-ablative laser skin resurfacing, dermal fillers, and surgical scar revision.
People suffering from acne benefit from using face washes containing active
ingredients like alpha hydroxy acids (AHA) and beta hydroxy acids (BHA).
The most commonly used active agents are glycolic acid 1%, salicylic acid
1-2%, and benzoyl peroxide 4%.
The face should be washed at least twice a day, and if the skin is super oily, one may use the face wash up to four times a day.
Yes, you read it right!
Although acne occur more commonly in oily skin, still moisturiser should be used on acne prone skin as well. There are many scientific studies showing benefit of a moisturiser in acne treatment.
An ideal moisturiser for acne prone skin should be non-comedogenic. So it should not be too greasy and occlusive. It should be gel based and easily absorbable.
People with acne and especially those who are on some form of treatment for
acne, do tend to have photo sensitivity, hence, using a sunscreen is very
For an acne prone skin, physical sunscreens with a minimum SPF of 30 are best suited, as they are broad spectrum and also do not react with the skin.
The association between diet and acne is well established. Dairy products, carbohydrate rich foods, and foods with high glycemic index, have been shown to aggravate acne. So you should restrict or preferably avoid the intake of such food products.
You may follow the below mentioned precautions in case you develop acne -
SKINOS -(Best Skin Hospital in Delhi)
Nothing gives us more pleasure than the happiness and gratitude expressed by our clients at the end of their treatment!
I recommend Dr. Shruti Gupta (Best dermatologist in delhi) because she explains everything related ...
It's all about the satisfaction that we expect from a doctor and a clinic which I got it at Skinos (...
First of all I would like to thank Dr Shruti Gupta (Best dermatologist in delhi, india) Mam for givi...
Dr.Shruti is very humble and adorable to everyone she explains everything wonderfully, and answers a...
It was a pleasant experience. Your work is par above my expectations. My exuberant hair growth gives...
I have acne issue from last 13 year's I tried all from the best dermatologist of Delhi to homemade s...