Ageing, chronic sun exposure, or acne can make your skin dull, wrinkled,
spotted and scarred.
A chemical peel is one of the most effective ways to improve the skin. A chemical peel is a procedure of chemical skin resurfacing by applying a solution with active agents that exfoliate the top layers of the skin. The new skin that grows after healing is smoother, fresh, spot free and younger looking.
Chemical peels are used to treat wrinkles, skin discolouration and scars. Although chemical peels are used mostly on the face, they can also be used to improve the skin on your neck and hands. A chemical peel can be done alone or in combination with other cosmetic procedures.
The results of chemical peel procedure depends on the type of chemical used.
Chemical peel procedure is a versatile treatment which can be used to treat
wide variety of skin conditions.
Chemical peels are classified as superficial, medium and deep peels, depending on the depth of action of these solutions, i.e., upto what layer of skin will they can exfoliation.
Superficial chemical peel. It removes only the top most layer of epidermis that is composed of dead cells called corneocytes. It is the mildest of all peels, with minimal to no downtime. Superficial chemical peel can be used to treat acne, uneven and dull skin tone, dryness and fine wrinkles.
Medium chemical peel. This type of chemical peel acts deeper, up to the upper dermis. It causes more dramatic exfoliation of skin, producing quicker results as compared to superficial peels. A medium depth chemical peel can be used to treat wrinkles, acne scars and uneven skin tone.
Deep chemical peel. A deep chemical peel removes skin cells from the epidermis up to the lower portion of dermis. Deeper chemical peels produce more drastic results but are also associated with longer recovery time. It is majorly used for the treatment of deeper wrinkles and scars.
A chemical peel can help to improve
You may opt for chemical peeling if you have:
The chemical peel to be used for you will be decided by your doctor after
careful assessment of the skin condition and your particular needs.
Superficial chemical peel
A superficial chemical peel might be the right choice if you have uneven pigmentation, dryness, acne or fine wrinkling.
Common agents used in superficial peels may include combinations of alpha hydroxy acids (AHA) and beta hydroxy acids (BHA), such as glycolic acid, lactic acid, salicylic acid and mandelic acid.
Superficial chemical peel procedure steps
Medium chemical peel
It is used in cases of acne scars, deeper wrinkles and uneven skin colour. Agents commonly used for medium depth chemical peeling include TCA (trichloroacetic acid), Jessner's solution and glycolic acid.
Medium chemical peel procedure steps
Deep chemical peel
If you have deeper facial wrinkles, skin that's damaged by the sun, scars, areas that appear blotchy or even pre-cancerous growths, deep facial chemical peels might be the right choice for you. The dermatologist will carefully determine if you are a good candidate for this treatment.
The dermatologist will use the strongest chemical called phenol to penetrate down to the lower dermal layer of your skin.
For this type of peel, you may need a local anaesthetic and a sedative to manage any discomfort.
Deep chemical peel procedure steps
Note: Medium and deep peels are associated with longer recovery times and increased risk of complications like hyperpigmentation, hypopigmentation and scarring, especially in people with ethnic skin. Hence, medium and deep peels are not recommended for coloured skin.
The recovery period depends on the type of chemical peel done:
After a superficial or light chemical peel, you may experience some redness, stinging, skin flaking and irritation, which subsides in 1-2 days. One week post treatment, you can start to notice improvement in the condition and texture of your skin. With repeated treatments, these positive changes improve further.
The redness and flaking of skin continues for longer duration, up to 2 weeks following deeper chemical peels.
You can resume your daily work next day onwards if you had taken a light
peel, however, with deeper peels, you are advised to stay indoors for 3-5
days at least.
It is also recommended that you moisturise your skin well during the post peel period. Sun protection by using a broad spectrum non-comedogenic sunscreen and other physical methods, plays a crucial role in enhancing the effects of a chemical peel.
You can also resume your night cream regimen prescribed by your dermatologist once the skin has recovered completely from the peel therapy.
Depending on the condition of the skin and type of peel used, a person may require 4-8 sessions to see excellent results.
Superficial chemical peels can be repeated every 2-3 weeks. Medium peels are once every 6 months, and deep peels once a year.
Chemical peeling is a very safe treatment option that can improve multiple skin conditions together. All the adverse effects can be avoided by taking a good post peel care. It gives great results when done by an experienced practitioner.
Yellow peel is a superficial combination peel containing retinol, salicylic acid,
lactic acid, kojic acid, and phytic acid. It is a cream based leave-on peel.
Yellow peel is massaged on the skin and left for 6-8 hours. Two days post procedure, you can notice visible exfoliation of the uppermost dead layer of
skin. The exfoliation continues for 3-5 days, after which the skin becomes
As yellow peel causes dramatic exfoliation without affecting the deeper layers of skin, it is extremely popular to treat dark spots, dull skin and sun tanning. You can appreciate significant changes in just one week after the procedure.
The skin does become little sensitive to sun exposure after a chemical peel
treatment, but for a short duration. That is why proper sun protection by using
a good broad spectrum, non-comedogenic sunscreen is advisable.
The skin definitely does not become thin after a peel treatment. On the contrary, regular chemical peeling helps in maintaining the thickness of the skin. It stimulates the division of skin cells, normalises the distribution of pigment in skin cells (thus reducing dark spots and blotchy pigmentation), enhances production of collagen and elastin in the dermis and production of other supporting tissues like hyaluronic acid.
Thus, A chemical peel procedure helps you to keep your skin in a healthy state all the time!
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