Identifying hair loss is so complex that we almost visit a hair specialist in delhi either too early or too late! Here is the way you can identify if you are actually having a hair loss.
Everyone loses hair in routine daily life. An individual losses up to 100 hair strands per day. If you have hair fall in excess of 100 strands per day, or are seeing some bald patches, severe thinning, and decreasing hair density, you may be experiencing hair loss!
It is for all to understand that Hair loss not only causes physical change in appearance of a person but this in turn leads to a great psychological distress which can affect an individual both personally and professionally. Therefore it is important to recognise hair loss at an early stage and take a hair specialist consultation. The psychological distress is same in both males and females. Having a good hair doesn't not only gives a more appealing personality but also boosts one's confidence and self esteem.
When it comes to hair loss treatment in delhi, one has to understand that it is prevention which is better than cure! Hair Loss is a chronic process and so is its treatment which is to be maintained regularly. The only permanent solution to hair loss is Hair Transplant which is required only if an individual has progressed to develop permanent baldness.
The reasons for hair loss are many and rightly so there are many types of hair loss.
A sudden severe hair loss may be due to some medical illness like high fever or severe infection, crash dieting, certain medications, and childbirth. If you are experiencing a slow and gradual hair loss, which is becoming worse and more noticeable with each passing year, you are most likely suffering from hereditary hair loss called androgenetic alopecia. Few incorrect hair care practices may also cause significant loss of hair.
What is androgenetic alopecia?
Androgenetic alopecia, also known as hereditary hair loss, is one of the commonest reasons of hair loss affecting both men and women. Male pattern baldness presents as receding hair line, thinning of hair, increased visibility of the scalp, and sometimes even as a round bald patch on the top of the scalp, along with family history of hair loss.
Female pattern baldness, on the other side, there is more prominent hair thinning seen as widening of the central parting, hairline is however intact. Completely bald patches are also rare in women.
What is alopecia areata?
It is an autoimmune condition. Autoimmune means the body’s own immune cells (white blood cells) attack body’s other cells. In this case, the immune cells attack its own hair.
It is seen as smooth, round patches of hair loss on the scalp. The number of patches may be single or multiple. The bald patches most commonly occur on scalp, but may also affect other hair bearing areas of the body, like the beard and moustache in males, or even eyebrows and eyelashes.
In rare cases, it can cause complete hair loss in otherwise healthy people, where is known as alopecia totals or alopecia universalis.
What is scarring alopecia?
Scarring (cicatricial) alopecia is a condition when the hair follicles are destroyed completely and permanently, and a scar tissue forms in the area where the follicles were once present. The hair can not grow back if scarring alopecia occurs.
It usually occurs following some inflammatory diseases of the scalp like fungal infection, DLE, SLE, LPP.
Treatment for scarring alopecia is aimed at inhibiting the inflammation, which is responsible for permanent destruction of hair follicles.
What is telogen effluvium?
Telogen effluvium is a condition in which the balance between the various stages of the hair cycle is disturbed. Majority of hair go into the falling phase (telogen phase), which clinically manifests as sudden severe diffuse hair loss. People can lose more than 300-400 hair strands in a day and it is really a very alarming situation!
Telogen effluvium occurs most commonly because of nutritional deficiencies in the body, especially iron and other vitamins. It can also occur due to hormonal imbalances like PCOS and thyroid hormone dysfunction. Other reasons leading to hair loss are any medical illness, high fever, severe infection, long hospital stay, surgery, accident, child birth, sudden severe weight loss, or emotional stress.
Good news is telogen effluvium is a reversible condition! Whatever hair you lose, tend to grow back!
What is trichotillomania?
Trichotillomania is a psychiatric disorder.
It is a medical condition in which the person has an irresistible urge to pull out their own hair shaft, and after pulling out their hair, they get a great sense of satisfaction and gratification.
The common areas affected in this condition are the ones which are easily accessible for hair removing like the scalp, eyebrows, eyelashes, and even the nose and body hair.
Can hair loss occur because of some medicines as well?
Yes. There are some medications that can precipitate hair fall due to their side effects. These include blood thinners, high dose vitamin A, medicines that treat arthritis, depression, gout, heart problems, and high blood pressure.
What are the haircare practices that can damage the hair and cause hair
The hairstyle you wear and some of the products you use can cause hair loss. These include:
Rubbing, brushing or combing wet hair
Frequent blow dryers, irons and curlers
Excessive shampooing, combing and brushing
Too many hair clips, hair pins and tight rubber bands
Tight hair styles like braids, ponytails (cause traction alopecia)
What is the treatment of hair loss?
The best hair loss treatment depends on the reason for hair loss. So before treating hair loss, it is very important to consult an experienced dermatologist to get a proper diagnosis and then start with the treatment according to American Academy of Dermatology Guidelines.
One should be prompt and proactive in taking anti hair fall treatment, as sooner the treatment is started, higher are the chances to restore a good hair volume.
Following are the different treatment modalities. Usually a combination of different treatments give the best results. Also a good scalp hygiene practices like washing your hair as recommended is an important step in treatment of hair loss.
Oral Medications : It increases hair regrowth
Topical Scalp Lotion: It prevents hair loss and promotes increase in hair thickness and hair volume.
Mesotherapy : It employs multiple injections of pharmaceutical medications, growth factors, vitamins, and other ingredients into the scalp which enhances the metabolism of cell and speeds-up the growth of existing hair follicles and promotes the new hair growth.
Corticosteroid : It is most commonly used in the treatment of alopecia aerata.
Laser devices : Laser and light devices based on LLLT have been shown to stimulate hair growth. These are available as cap/ helmet/ combs.
Hair Transplant : Hair transplantation is transfer of healthy hair follicles from the occipital area (donor area) to the frontal area (recipient area) of the scalp. It is advised for patients with higher grade of hair loss due to androgenetic alopecia. After getting a hair transplant, it takes 9-12 months for the hair to grow and see the final results.
What dietary supplements can help in my hair loss problem?
A well balanced diet as per the age and body weight containing all the nutrients is essential to have healthy hair.
Protein forms the structure of hair. High protein diet will stop the hair loss. Some of the rich sources of proteins are meats, eggs, fish, nuts, seeds, and beans.
Iron is again very important for hair growth. Iron deficiency is one of the most common reason of diffuse hair fall in both men and women which is usually diagnosed through blood test. Iron rich foods include iron-fortified cereals, soybeans, pumpkin seeds, white beans, lentils, spinach, clams and oysters.
Onion Juice applied at the the site of alopecia areata patch acts as an irritant and helps in hair regrowth.
Green Tea consumption decreases DHT, the male hormone, which is the reason for hair loss and hence it is effective in preventing hair loss.
In case you have some specific nutritional deficiencies, you should seek help from a qualified doctor to take the necessary supplements to fulfil the deficiencies. Nutritional deficiencies are common in female pattern hair loss.
Coconut Oil and Olive Oil are considered good for providing nourishment to hair. Regular oiling adds natural moisture and conditioning to your hair.
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