DARK CIRCLES

Dark circles or peri-orbital melanosis is a common cosmetic concern. It is characterised by darkness around your eyes. Additionally, there may be puffiness (eye bags) or hollowness below the eyes.
Getting rid of dark circles is of utmost importance as they can make you appear tired or fatigued all the time even if you are not. They also make you appear older than you actually are.

Such an appearance can hinder your professional and personal life and thus getting rid of dark circles is important.

What are the causes of dark circles?

The main reason for the formation of dark circles is due to the blood vessels under the eyelid losing stability and strength. The skin around the eyes is thin and sensitive with very less underlying supporting subcutaneous fat. This leads to easy rupture of blood vessels, leaking blood in this area. The blood gradually degrades to dark coloured pigments resulting in peri-orbital pigmentation and puffy eyes.

Conditions like fluid imbalance or local swelling can cause shadows that make the area under the eyes appear darker.

One of the most common factors or cause of dark circles can also be heredity. The other reasons that can cause dark circles include anaemia, vitamin deficiency, hyperpigmentation, allergies, medical conditions, hormone imbalance like insulin resistance, sinusitis.

Lifestyle factors like eye strain caused by exhaustion of peri-orbital muscles as a result of prolonged reading, computer and TV watching, lack of proper sleep and rest, stress and emotional instability, also lead to development of dark circles.

What is the treatment?

A lifestyle modification is of utmost importance. Living a healthy lifestyle that includes a balanced diet, timely rest and exercise can result in an improved physical and mental state. Thus, reducing the occurrence and appearance of dark circles. The golden rule of “Early to bed and early to rise” works well to improve the dark circles. Try to get a sound sleep for 6-8 hours per day. Do not forget your sunshades when going out in the sun as UV rays damage the deeper tissues of the skin (collagen and elastin) and also the blood vessels leading to increased pigment deposition.

Medical treatment

The various treatment options available to improve peri-orbital melanosis are:

  1. Eye creams containing depigmenting agents like kojic acid, azelaic acid, arbutin, anti-oxidants vitamin A, C, E, along with certain peptides, moisturising and sun protecting agents.
  2. Chemical peels - Lactic acid, arginine, mandelic acid, glycolic acid are the most commonly used reagents as chemical peels in the peri-orbital area.
  3. Lasers - There have been few studies showing the efficacy of Q-switched ruby and alexandrite lasers in the treatment of dark circles. But it is not a very common and popular modality of management in brown skin.
  4. Dermal fillers - There is often a slight hollowness called the “tear trough” associated with these circles and this can be improved with fillers. Hyaluronic acid fillers give instant results which last for 12-18 months. It is an excellent treatment option as you can see your eyes brighten up Immediately post treatment!

    We have had excellent results treating dark circles under the eyes with a combination of topical ointments, peels and dermal fillers.
How frequently do we need to take the treatment sessions?

The chemical peel sessions are done every 2-3 weeks. A series of 6 sessions is required in total.
Dermal filler treatment is a single session process, taking just 30-45 minutes!

How soon can I expect the results?

The result of dermal fillers is instant. One can see the under eye hollowness improve instantly!
With chemical peels, one can start to see improvement after 2-3 sessions

What are the side effects?

None of the treatments mentioned above are associated with any side effects if done by expert professional.

What are the home remedies for improving dark circles?

Keeping up with such a lifestyle regularly can be taxing. However, there are a few simple home remedies that can help improve dark circles.

  1. Almond Oil
    Almond Oil has great nutritional and healing value. Vitamin E oil can be used as a substitute for almond oil in eliminating dark circles. Method:

    Prior to bedtime, apply almond oil under eyes and massage it gently into the skin

    Keep it on overnight

    Wash face with cold water in the morning

    Follow the procedure daily for best results

  2. Cucumber
    The skin-lightening and mild astringent properties of cucumber make it a great ingredient in the treatment of dark circles. Moreover, its refreshing properties help in giving the eyes a soothing and relaxing experience. Method:

    Chill thickly cut slices of fresh cucumber in the refrigerator for 30 minutes

    Place the slices on under eye dark circles for about 10 minutes

    Remove slices and wash the area with water

    Do this the procedure 2 times daily for about a week or more

  3. Raw Potato
    A raw potato has natural bleaching properties that can help in getting rid of the puffiness around the eyes by having a lightening effect on the dark circles Method:

    Extract juice by grating 1-2 raw potatoes .

    Place the cotton balls over your eyes, soaked in the juice

    Make sure it covers the under eye dark circles.

    Keep so for 10-15 minutes.

    Wash your eyelids with preferably cool water.

    Do this 2-3 times daily for a few weeks.

  4. Rose Water
    When it comes to rejuvenating the skin and having a soothing effect on eyes, very few ingredients are as good as Rose water. Moreover, it’s mild astringent properties make it a highly valuable home remedy skin toner. Method:

    Place cotton balls soaked in rose water over your closed eyes .

    Keep it for about15 minutes.

    Do this two times daily for a few weeks.

  5. Tomato
    Like many other ingredients on this list, tomatoes too have great bleaching properties that can help lighten skin and aid in the process of treating dark circles. Method:

    Mix tomato juice with lemon juice in the ratio of 1:1.5

    Gently apply this mixture on the dark circles

    Keep it on for 10 minutes

    Wash it off with luke warm water

    Follow this procedure two times daily for few weeks

    Only using tomato juice can also be effective

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