Dandruff Treatment in Kamla Nagar


Also known as Pityriasis Capitis, Pityriasis Sicca, dandruff is a scaly, itchy condition of the scalp. The etiology of dandruff is multifactorial and includes malassezia, sebum, altered epidermal function, immunological dysfunction and innate susceptibility. Dandruff is a problem of the pubertal and post-pubertal age group. Also, it affects males more than females. Based on these observations, it is prudent to hypothesize androgens as one of the etiological factors for dandruff.

Dandruff is characterized by dry, fine, white, loosely adherent scales of size 0.5–1.5 mm, affecting any part of the scalp. Scalp involvement may be diffuse or patchy. Scaling is usually more prominent on the vertex. Pruritus is a variable feature. Winter and stress are known to aggravate dandruff. The scales of dandruff are less apparent after a hair wash.

Management

  • Dandruff is characterized by dry, fine, white, loosely adherent scales of size 0.5–1.5 mm, affecting any part of the scalp. Scalp involvement may be diffuse or patchy. Scaling is usually more prominent on the vertex. Pruritus is a variable feature. Winter and stress are known to aggravate dandruff. The scales of dandruff are less apparent after a hair wash.
  • Topical zinc pyrithione 1% (ZPTO) and selenium sulphide
  • Topical keratolytic agents like salicylic acid 2%, sulfur 2%
  • Synthetic antifungal agents like hydroxypyridones (ciclopirox olamine 1%–1.5% and piroctone olamine)
  • Topical calcinuerin inhibitors like tacrolimus and pimecrolimus
dandruff treatment kamla nagar delhi

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