Acne Treatment in Kamla Nagar


Acne is a very common problem among teenagers and young adults. It is a chronic inflammatory disease of the pilosebaceous units. Four major factors are involved in the pathogenesis:

  • increased sebum production
  • hypercornification of the pilosebaceous duct
  • abnormality of the microbial flora especially colonization of the duct with P. acnes
  • inflammation

It is characterized by seborrhoea, the formation of open and closed comedones, erythematous papules and pustules and in more severe cases nodules, deep pustules and pseudocysts. Acne heal with scar in severe cases and if not treated.

Management

  • Careful cleaning and removal of oils
  • Topical antibacterials like clindamycin, benzoyl peroxide
  • Topical retinoic acid, adapalene, tazarotene
  • Oral antibiotics like doxycycline, azithromycin
  • Systemic isotretinoin only for unresponsive severe nodulocystic acne (risk of severe adverse events including teratogenicity)
  • Oral hormonal therapy like contraceptive pills, anti- androgen
  • Proper sun protection
  • Diet therapy, such as a low-glycemic diet and avoidance of “junk foods,” has been suggested as a nonpharmacologic measure to manage acne vulgaris.

Procedures

  • Manual extraction of comedones
  • Intralesional steroid injections
  • Superficial peels that use glycolic acid, salicylic acid or mandelic acid
acne scars treatment in kamla nagar delhi

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